1941年在德国Bad Wildungen 出生的迪特·容格(Dieter Jung)，不但是激光全像摄影技术用于艺术创作的先驱者，也是最早从事科技跨越艺术领域的艺术家之一，他像先知一般，三十余年来在世界各地推动着科技结合艺术的创作方向。最初迪特·容格在柏林学习艺术理论和教育，后来先后进了柏林的Academy of Visual Arts和巴黎的?cole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts学习绘画，所以一开始的时候，迪特·容格是一位画家。他在1971至1974年间又从柏林的German Academy of Film and Television学习电影艺术，同时他也已经开始在Universida de Federal da Bahia任教。
Dieter Jung 's Techno-Mirage and His Art
With the billions of people's wide opening eyes and rapt attention, the 2008 Olympic Games Opening Ceremony was held grandly in a splendid and marvelous scene in Beijing. As a matter of fact, it was a performance effect with a new-media digital technology which combined the advanced technology with the unique traditional Chinese visual language, stage style and the performance arts. Zhang Yimou, the general director of this centurial show, expressed in the interview with the media:" As a practical pioneer, I can state with the full confidence that, this opening ceremony is an avant-courier exploration, it is an opening ceremony at the digital age with the multi-media technology assistance in the whole aspects. It represents the trend of the big-scale square activity for the 21st century. It is an inevitable trend."
From this Beijing Olympic Opening Ceremony, we can see more clearly that, the arts creation of the 21st century is based on the innovative arrangement and combination, with the quickly changeable telecommunication pipelines development, the global transmission is swift and closely interacted. Innovative idea is a personal "mind activity" or "affair" with a high effectiveness, drifting in the information sea and can connect all types of non-cognitive lost beads. Those visual information activity and affair which expose automatically "difference" can substitute the unique "originality" with the individual art form for the last century, pervade and evolve at a striking speed in the real life nowadays.
The integration of the technology and the arts originates from the science revolution developed from the 19th century. With the different stages' mechanical, electro-power and electro-technology's evolution and experiments, the electronic computer had been invented till 1946. Those machines which originally belong to the calculation operation function have been used by the artists to create their works since the 50s of the last century. Since then, those technologies have become to be the quite common media for creation.
Technical art is a by-product of the development of the science actually, some technological arts are converted into the products in visual, audio forms, and some are evolved into the interactive media. In the new century, the digital environment has deeply changed the human being's cognitive habits, changed the interactive relationship between the reality and the virtual. Not only the definition of the classification and the category has been changed from the perspective of the knowledge, but also the sense limits have been challenged as well.
No matter whether you are willing to accept or join this transformation or not, the digital electro media has taken the arts into a new dimension interacted with multi-media. The interaction and combination between the visual, audio message, dynamic, sense stimulant, virtual reality…make the arts style greatly exceed the specific category of the traditional drawing, sculpture, construction, music, dance and opera etc….Facing such a new age which takes the digital technology as the main transmission media, the arts creation has been involved in the higher and higher production cost, and facing the inevitable and complicated management system from the team work, the cooperation trend of the across media and across boundary for the arts industrialization must be an irresistible tendency for the 21st century.
Dieter Jung, who was born in Bad Wildungen, Germany in 1941, is not only an avant-courier who utilizes the holography in arts creation, but also one of the earliest artists who are engaged in the crossing from the technology to the arts. Like a prophet, he has promoted the creation trend of combination of the technology with the arts for more than 30 years on the whole world. At first, Dieter Jung studied theology and art education in Berlin, later, he went to Academy of Visual Arts of Berlin and ?cole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts of Paris to learn painting and graphic art, so, from the first start, Dieter Jung used to be a painter. From 1971 to 1974, he had studied movie arts in German Academy of Film and Television of Berlin, at the same time, he had been teaching in the Universida de Federal da Bahia.
Dieter Jung is the earliest artist who utilizes the laser hologram to create the works, combining the familiar beauty sentiments in the traditional visual arts with the laser hologram technology so as to develop a brand-new aesthetics experience across the technology and arts. Hologram technology is a technique created by Dennis Gabor, a scientist who was born in Hungary and won a Nobel Prize, which can record the object's three dimension information. Till the beginning of the 60's, due to the mature tendency of the laser technology, the laser hologram technique could be developed and applied in the commercialization gradually. Dieter Jung is such an avant-courier who uses such a technique, and creates the new visual and sense experience of spanning the time and space.
As an aboriginal painter, Dieter Jung applies the hologram to paint, which is equal to draw in light. In the recent years, he applies the digital technique, making the breakthrough in the traditional hologram to solve the problems of limited perspective, too small area and the color distortion, so as to form the indefinite and continuous space views. It is another angle created by the interaction between the viewers and Dieter Jung hologram. Just like Dieter Jung said : "Hologram creates the forth dimension space."
However, this seems-like solid three dimension image is only the weightless virtual visual sense formed by the light libration and wave, and can't possess the capacity that only the real objects can occupy in the space. Such virtual existence showing in the space can make Dieter Jung, who has been engaged in the study of theology in the early time, explore the mysterious and puzzled sense world from the rational thoughts of the artistic color, structure and type etc, so as to create the best way to visualize the invisible spirit. This is a mirage made by the technology.
Dieter Jung has mastered the skills of creating the real visible interaction technique consisting of the light, shadow and space. His technical artistic creation has integrated the experience of the arts innovation with the public notification. He visualizes the artificial intelligence, and turns the real life situations into the invisible experience. The sculptural structure composed of light and shadow is both real and virtual. The visual geometric poem in Dieter Jung's artistic works connects the light, drive, time and space, but only the viewers are "the commander of the visual image in the real situation".
In such a new age of Internet, the technology world provides the public with a platform to share the artistic games and technical intelligence. Dieter Jung utilizes his dynamic installation to combine the laser hologram and digital processing techniques to interact and collate the each other existence from the whole universal perspective. Since 1965, Dieter Jung has begun to publish his theories, make speeches and exhibit his works. He has never lagged behind on the research of the high technology, and never gave up the manual painting and the sculpture even with the advent of the high technology. Making breakthrough from the tradition, pursuing the innovation constantly, Dieter Jung's more appropriate title should be an all-around artist.